3. Which was not a reason for tensions between the United States and Cuba in the 1950s?
Cuban poverty caused by an American-backed dictator
a revolution that brought a communist to power
nationalization of American businesses
buildup of the Cuban army
4. What was the Bay of Pigs?
a polluted area that affected U.S. naval operations
a secret plan for the invasion of Florida by Cuban nationalists
a secret plan for the invasion of Cuba by U.S.-trained exiles
an area that harbored Cuban communist sympathizers
5. Which was not an element of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
nuclear missile sites under construction in Cuba
U.S. naval blockade around Cuba
threatened boycott of U.S. businesses by Cuba
Soviet view that the United States was committing an act of aggression
6. How was the Cuban Missile Crisis resolved?
with skirmishes in the Caribbean that ended in a standoff
with negotiations that removed Soviet missiles from Cuba and U.S. missiles from Turkey
through meetings of the UN Security Council
with negotiations that allowed Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba with UN inspectors monitoring them
7. What was the main reason for U.S. involvement in Vietnam?
the belief that communism would spread in Southeast Asia
an interest in honoring a commitment to the members of the United Nations
the decision to honor a treaty agreement
a response to a request for support in the fight against communism
8. Which was not a justification for the increase in U.S. involvement in Vietnam?
to avoid the domino effect of communism's spread in the region
to fight communism
to keep South Vietnam aligned with the United States
to respond to attacks on U.S. troops in neutral territory
10. Which was not a problem for the U.S. military in fighting the Vietnam War?
Guerilla warfare was particularly difficult to combat.
There was a shortage of soldiers.
There was no defined front.
The Vietnamese developed effective supply techniques.
11. Which was not a reason for opposition to the Vietnam War in the United States?
Vietnamese civilians were being killed by U.S. bombing raids.
The draft unfairly targeted poor and working class men.
The United States was interfering in what was essentially a civil war.
Troops were not able to meet the demands of fighting a guerilla war.
12. Why was a lottery system put in place for the military draft?
so drafted students could not object
to provide more candidates for the army
to create a more fair system
so the incidence of medical disqualifications would be more spread out
14. What was one of Richard Nixon's strategies for ending the Vietnam War?
limiting troops to positions south of an imaginary line between the two countries
training and supplying the South Vietnamese to take over full responsibility for the war
preventing bombing outside of Vietnam so that the war would not escalate to other countries
agreeing to pay reparations to North Vietnam for civilian deaths
15. Which was not a legacy of the Vietnam War?
Vietnam became a single communist country.
American citizens continued to distrust government actions in the United States.
The United States lost world respect for aggression against a small nation.
Patriotic pride increased, for persevering in a difficult war.