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Phsycology help please!?

Criminal Law Discussion Forum

Phsycology help please!?

Postby oakley » Thu May 24, 2012 7:42 am

1. What is intelligence? (1 point)
the emotional abilities of an individual to learn from experience, and to cope effectively with the demands of daily living
the ability to score well on standardized tests
the cognitive abilities of an individual to learn from experience, to reason well, and to cope effectively with the demands of daily living
how quickly an individual can reduce or eliminate stress
2. Alfred Binet observed that the gaps between children's mental ages and their chronological ages _____ as they got older. (1 point)
shrank
disappeared
widened
got them made fun of
3. What are the measurement requirements of psychological tests? (1 point)
validity and reliability
cultural representation and equity
increasing level of difficulty
a minimum mental age of 4
4. When we discuss personality, we are usually talking about what makes people: (1 point)
neurotic
criminal
similar to each other
different from one another
5. According to Sigmund Freud, what happens to us when our drives go unfulfilled? (1 point)
we repress them
we regress to an earlier stage of development
the drive takes over our conscious thought
we are sad
6. _____ is a cognitive distortion of the facts to make an event or impulse less threatening. (1 point)
Denial
Rationalization
Sublimation
Stupidity
7. According to Carl Jung, another name for our "psychic inheritance:" (1 point)
the Psychic Friend's Network
personal unconscious
archetypes
collective unconscious
8. "The behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organism's tendency to repeat the beahvior in the future," refers to: (1 point)
operant conditioning
reinforcing stimulus
memory and motivation
the law of cause and effect
9. According to B.F. Skinner, a behavior that is no longer followed by a reinforcing stimulus will: (1 point)
become more difficult to manage
be missed by the organism
continue
become extinct
10. When a reinforcer is re-introduced to an organism's environment, the behavior that preceded it: (1 point)
does not return at all
returns in a much longer time than it took to learn it in the first place
returns in a shorter time than it took to learn it in the first place
is absolutely unpredictable
11. Which of the following is known as the "third force" in personality theory? (1 point)
Cognitive theory
Jedi theory
Humanistic theory
Psychoanalytic theory
12. Instead of focusing on the absence of mental illness as an indication of mental health, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers would focus more on: (1 point)
satisfying basic physiological needs
creating pyramidal charts
outcome and behavior
the full realization of an individual's self
13. When we feel stressed, we may: (1 point)
stay stagnant at our current level
rise quickly to higher need levels
regress to a lower need level
lash out at the world
14. In Cognitive theory, _____ ultimately determines personality. (1 point)
thoughts
childhood experiences
love of the self
computers
15. What technological innovation evolved hand-in-hand with Cognitive theory? (1 point)
television
computers
electricity
fire
16. The information-processing model is considered by some to be the most _____ paradigm in psychology. (1 point)
underrated
insignificant
significant
optimistic
17. _____ is defined as a persistent change in behavior due to experience. (1 point)
Learning
Reflex
Stimulus
Psychology
18. What is the first principle of classical conditioning? (1 point)
unconditioned responses
high-order conditioning
extinction
the Acquisition Procedure
19. Consider the following scenario: Your dog does something you like; you give your dog something he likes. Your dog sits, comes, heels, fetches the remote, does not chase after the cat or kids, you give him a treat. This will increase the likelihood of the behavior ocurring again.

What is this an example of? (1 point)
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
a lazy dog owner
positive punishment
20. Knowledge about operant conditioning has greatly influenced ______ practices. (1 point)
recreational
psychological
educational
sensory
21. Memory is a controversial subject because of questions of: (1 point)
accuracy
interest
logic
experimental reliability
22. What is "encoding"? (1 point)
the recollection of previously learned facts of experiences
the inherent connection in the learning/memory process
when memories are "brought to mind"
the initial reception of registration of information
23. What is sensory memory? (1 point)
the initial, momentary recording of memory in our sensory systems
memory that is triggered by our senses, e.g., smell
a psychic ability that is
oakley
 
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