Welcome to Law-Forums.org!   


Sponsor Links:

Discount Legal Forms
Discounted Legal Texts

Leave Policy

Workers Compensation Law Discussion

Leave Policy

Postby Alfredo » Thu Dec 01, 2016 1:57 am

Dear sir,

Is there any legal rule in India for fixing the leave categories and Leave days for employees(not labours).Please explain me sir.


Posts: 54
Joined: Sun Jan 05, 2014 3:03 am

Leave Policy

Postby Ignado » Sat Dec 03, 2016 4:13 pm

Dear sir,

Is there any legal rule in India for fixing the leave categories and Leave days for employees(not labours).Please explain me sir.


Posts: 49
Joined: Tue Jan 21, 2014 1:13 am

Leave Policy

Postby Redding » Sun Dec 04, 2016 9:50 pm


I  am not  very  close  to  the INDIAN SCENE  

with  reference  to your  query.


I  would  suggest  you  should  join, if  you have not already,



make  regular  contribution.







-there  variations  all over  the place.

*difference  between  the  government  departments.

*difference  between   the  public  sectors/private  sectors.

*difference  between large  corporations / SMEs.



-sick leave [ 6-8 ] days.

-casual  leave [ 10-12 ]  days.

-earned [ paid ]  leave,  after  12  months  service [ 4   weeks ]

-sectional/national  holidays [ 11-12]  depending  on which  state  you  are in.

-maternity  leave  135  days.

-paternity  leave  15  days.





Earned Leave ·   The leave entitlement is 30 working days for each completed year of service and accrues after completion of one year of service in the firm. ·   He/She is also entitled for 7 days of Sick leave and 7 days of casual leave. However, the two types of leaves cannot be clubbed together. Not more than 2 days of casual leave would be granted at one time.

o   Incase of casual leave the approval needs to be taken by the Manager in advance. However, the leave would be granted by the Manager based on availability of the staff required to do the routine activities in order to avoid any hindrance at work.

o   Incase of sick leave taken for more than 2 days a doctor’s certificate needs to be submitted to the HR Dept.  

·   Intermediate Sundays/ declared holidays will be excluded from leave. Subsequently it will accrue on April 1 every year. ·   The maximum number of days of leave a Staff member may accumulate is 40 days. ·   After completion of a period of one year of service a staff member can take encashment of leave, during the tenure of service or at the time of separation from the firm. However, during the probation period you will not be entitled for any leave and leave taken during that period be taken will be taken as Leave without Pay. ·   Before proceeding on leave, a Staff member is required to submit the Leave Application Form to the HR Representative at the location after obtaining sanction of the concerned approval of the Head of Dept. ·   In the event of a transfer, balance leave up to a maximum of 40 days may be transferred. ·   After submitting his/her resignation, a Staff member will not be eligible for availing of any leave. However, any balance leave may be adjusted against the notice period with the sanction of the concerned Head of Department. In the event the staff member resigns before completion of one year of service, no leave can be adjusted against notice period since the leave would not have been accrued to his leave account before that. ·   Under exceptional circumstances, Leave in Advance may be granted with the approval of the Head of Department. However, this would be recovered from the staff in case of resignation before the leave accrues. Leave on account of prolonged illness ·   Leave on account of prolonged illness may be taken as per guidelines set out below: o   Adjustment against leave balance if any. o   Next 3 months on half pay. o   Further extension of leave as leave without pay. o   The Staff members availing of such leave are required to submit a medical certificate from a certified medical practitioner, detailing reasons for such leave. o   The Dept. Head should approve such leave. o   This leave does not cover pre- natal / maternity. Maternity Leave ·   Lady Staff members are eligible for 3 calendar months Maternity Leave on full pay on each occasion of confinement. ·   The Staff member may utilize her leave balance in order to extend the duration of leave, if required. ·   If the Staff member is required to extend her leave further on account of post-natal complications, the approval of the Head of Department is required. ·   However, such leave will be as per guidelines set out below: o   Additional Maternity Leave for first 3 months on half pay.

o   Special Maternity Leave beyond 3 months on leave without pay. Paternity Leave Paternity leave may be granted as follows: ·   5 working days at full pay to be taken on birth of each child. ·   This can be granted twice during the employee’s period of service with the firm. ·   This leave is to be taken within one month of the birth of the child. ·   Approval of the Head of Dept. needs to be taken and HR kept informed of the same. ·   Please note these 5 days are over and above the 22 days entitlement. Study Leave/Sabbatical A request for Study Leave/Sabbatical may be granted purely at the discretion of the Head of Department. This leave shall be without pay for a specified period of time as may have been agreed upon between the Staff member and the Head of Dept. Note: The services of the staff member shall terminate automatically if he/she does not join back within the stipulated date as agreed upon and stated in the leave records. In the event the Staff member does not join back, the date of exit for the staff member will be taken as the date he/she had proceeded on Study Leave/Sabbatical. including Study / Sabbatical Leave period. ===================================================


The  leave  policy  could  cover many  of  the  below  listed         Areas ,  plus  others  depending  on




of the  workplace.

-Family and Illness Leave

- Leave of Absence Without Pay

- Personal Days

- Leaves of Absence

- Annual Leave

- Sick Leave

- Personal Leave

- Bereavement Leave

- Education Leaves of Absence With Pay - Leaves of Absence Without Pay   - Family and Medical Leave Policy - Leaves of Absence Without Pay - Parental Leave Policy - Personal Leave - Committee Work - Return to Work After Disability - Short Term Disability - Sick Leave - Funeral Leave

Holiday/Vacation Policy

The following sample company policy statements are for holiday leave.  Generally, holidays are paid leave with no loss of credit for the employee’s length of service with the company.  

The policy below mentions Floating Holidays, which are a couple of days you designate each year just to give your employees a little more time off.  If you don’t want to offer Floating Holidays, you should remove the reference. If you want your policy to differ in other ways from the policy set out below, you should change this policy to reflect those differences.  If you make substantive changes to this policy, however, you should have your CEO /  LEGAL  COUNSEL  look over the changes.  A list of holidays typically provided by employers is also included.

Annual Holidays

[YOUR COMPANY] observes the following holidays:

New Year's Day

Independence Day[ 15 aug]

Labor Day [ may  1

Christmas Day


Other  Indian  festival  /  religious  holidays


You  should  update  this  as  per your  current  

Calendar  year.


Paid Holidays[ annual leave ]

All full-time employees will receive holiday pay of eight straight time hours at their regular rate, provided the following conditions are satisified:

1.   Work a full shift on the employee's last scheduled work shift prior to the paid holiday.

2.   Work a full shift on the employee's first scheduled work shift following the holiday.

3.   Should the employee be unable to work either of these two days because of illness, proof of illness will be required in order to qualify for the paid holiday.

The shift differential for second and third shift employees will not be included in holiday pay.

Holiday pay will not be paid if:

1.   The employee has been on the payroll for less than 90 days.

2.   The employee is on lay-off status.

3.   The employee is a temporary or seasonal employee.

4.   The employee is on leave of absence when the holiday occurs.

5.   The employee is requested to work during a paid holiday and the employee refuse to do so.

Employees who are requested to work during a paid holiday will receive holiday pay plus regular pay.


Paid Holidays During Vacations and Weekends

If a holiday occurs during the employee's vacation, the employee's vacation will be extended by the number of holidays falling during the vacation period or an equal number of vacation days will be carried forward for future use.

If any scheduled paid holiday falls on a Saturday, the holiday will usually be observed on the preceding Friday. If the holiday falls on a Sunday, the following Monday will usually be observed as the holiday.



Holidays are not considered a day worked for purposes of calculating overtime unless work is actually performed.


[The Floating Holiday clause below may be removed if it does not apply to your circumstances.]

Floating Holidays

In addition to the named holidays for which eligible employes will receive paid time off, [YOUR COMPANY] will schedule two floating holidays each year. Floating holidays will be scheduled so as to provide eligible employees with extended weekends by combining them with named holidays.

At the beginning of each calendar year, the employee will receive a complete schedule of paid holidays, including paid floating holidays.

[The Personal Holidays clause below may be removed if it does not apply to your circumstances.]

Personal Holidays

In addition to scheduled paid holidays, eligible employees are given two floating holidays annually to be used as personal time off. Before scheduling a personal holiday, the employee must obtain approval. Requests for personal holidays must be made in writing not less than 10 days in advance of the requested date. =========================================

Religious Holidays

[YOUR COMPANY] recognizes that there may be religious holidays(other than those already designated at holidays) that employees would like to observe. It may be possible to arrange these holidays as scheduled days off, authorized absences without pay or personal time off. Requests for time off to observe religious holidays must be approved.


Vacation Time

At the end of the employee's first year as a full-time employee of [YOUR COMPANY], an employee is entitled to [number] days of paid vacation. The employee's vacation days increase to [number] days after five years of continuous employment with [YOUR COMPANY], [number] days after 15 years of continuous employment with [YOUR COMPANY], and [number] days after 25 years of continuous employment with [YOUR COMPANY].

Vacation time may be taken in increments of one full day but in all cases must be prescheduled and preapproved. One day of vacation for every five days that an employee is entitled to may be carried over to the following year, but must be used before [date].

[YOUR COMPANY] does not provide paid vacation time for part-time employees.


Vacation Pay

Vacation pay is the employee's regular rate of pay, excluding overtime or holiday premiums. If the employee's regular rate of pay varies from week to week, the employee's vacation pay will equal the employee's average weekly hours or scheduled hours in the previous calendar quarter not to exceed 40 hours.

Pay will not be granted in lieu of vacation time not taken.


Scheduling Vacations

[YOUR COMPANY] will attempt to grant all employees vacation at the time they desire to take it. However, [YOUR COMPANY] must maintain adequate staffing at all times. Therefore, vacations must be scheduled in advance and with prior written approval.

Where conflicts develop, they will be resolved as fairly as possible. Preference will be given to the more senior employee, the employee who can demonstrate the greater need for vacation at the conflicting time or the employee who makes the earliest request.


[The Plantwide Shutdown clause below may be removed if it does not apply to your circumstances.]

Plantwide Shutdown

It is [YOUR COMPANY] practice to have an annual shutdown of [period of time] during the month of [month]. All employees, with the exception of essential personnel, will take their normal vacations at this time. For those employees who are entitled to more than 10 days of vacation, the balance of that vacation must be scheduled. Employees who have been employed for less than one year receive paid vacation in the amount accrued as of the annual plant shutdown, providing they have completed six months of service at [YOUR COMPANY].


Holiday or Illness During Vacation

When a holiday occurs during the employee's vacation time, the employee will still receive pay for the holiday in addition to the employee's vacation pay or the employee may select another day off.

If the employee is hospitalized while on vacation, the time from the date of the employee's hospitalization until the employee's doctor releases the employee may, at the employee's option, be charged against the employee's short term disability benefits, rather than the employee's vacation time. If this happens, the employee must notify [Your Company]. If the employee becomes ill while on vacation, but the employee is not hospitalized, the employee's absence is charged against vacation time.


Termination and Vacation Pay

When employment ends for any reason, vacation time earned but not taken by the employee will be included in the employee's final paycheck.  At the same time, vacation time taken in advance will be deducted from the final paycheck.

==============================================Vacation Accrual Methods

The following is a sample vacation accrual chart.  You can modify your vacation accruals to reflect additional credit for any factor you feel deserve additional vacation as long as you are nondiscriminatory.  If you make substantive changes to this policy, you should have your attorney look over the changes.

Basic seniority Accrual Method

Employees who have completed one year of service and who work a 5-day, 40-hour week, are entitled to vacation as follows:

Service         Vacation entitlement in week/hours

After 1 year         4 week  [ 160 hours]

Vacation must be taken during the calendar year at times convenient to you and your supervisor.

Vacation accrual based on years of service do not address new employees who are hired after the beginning of the year.


Funeral Leave Policy

The following sample company policy statements are for funeral leave.  Generally, funeral leave is granted with pay and without loss of credit for the employee’s length of service with the company.  If you want your policy to differ from the policy set out below, you should change this policy to reflect those differences.  If you make substantive changes to this policy, however, you should have your attorney look over the changes.

Salaried Employees

The purpose of funeral leave is to provide you with time to attend the funeral of a member of your family and to handle personal affairs without disrupting your income.  Only permanent full-time employees are eligible for funeral leave benefits, and the benefits become effective after you complete your training and adjustment period.

Time allowed:  You may be granted up to a three-day leave(three consecutive working days) with pay in the event of the death of an immediate family member.

Definition of immediate family member:  The term immediate family member is defined as:















Funeral pay:  Your funeral leave pay will be figured at your regular rate of pay.

Leave without pay:  If you are not eligible for funeral leave with pay, you may be given time off without pay in case of a death in the family.  Time off without pay may be arranged to attend the funeral of a close friend.  Each day off will be counted as an absence without pay.

Forfeiture: You forfeit your rights to funeral leave benefits if you terminate employment before returning to your assigned position to work at least one workday after you have used funeral leave benefits.

When you are granted funeral leave benefits, it is mandatory that you attend the funeral of the relative for whom such funeral leave was requested.  We reserve the right to ask you to supply the name and relationship of the deceased and the name of the funeral home that handled the arrangements.


Sample Sick Leave Policy

The following sample company policy statements are for sick leave plans.  Generally, sick leave is granted with pay and without a loss of credit for the employee’s length of service with the company.  If you want your policy to differ from the policies set out below, you should change these policies to reflect those differences.  If you make substantive changes to these policies, however, you should have your attorney look over the changes.

Pay for Illness

Employees will become eligible to participate in the paid time for illness program as follows:

if employed prior to July 1, employees will be allowed up to 10 days in the following year

if employed between July 1 and December 31, employees will be allowed up to five days in the following year, and up to five days in the succeeding years.

In addition to illness, sick leave may also be granted for medical, dental, or optical examinations or when a member of your household requires your personal care and attention due to illness.

Pay and benefits during sick leave.  Illness pay will be based on a regular eight-hour day at straight time and at the employee’s base rate.  Illness absence of less than three hours in a day will not be considered for payment.  Saturdays, Sundays, daily overtime hours, paid holidays, and paid vacation time are excluded as time for which payment will be made under this program.

Weekly insurance benefits will continue to be paid commencing with the first day of certified disability due to accidents and the fourth day due to illness.  Thus, in accident and illness cases, the insurance benefit will be paid rather than the paid illness allowance, and any unused illness allowance will be available for use later in the year as needed.

Certification of illness.  Certification of illness by a physician will not normally be required to qualify for payment under this program.

Effect on performance.  While the company pays you for authorized sick days, we expect you to be honest with us in taking days off only when you are actually ill.  Any abuse of this benefit will be taken into account in evaluations of your performance.  The company reserves the right to require a statement from your doctor.

At termination.  When termination of employment occurs, no payment for sick leave will be made.

Accrual of Sick Leave

Starting with the first day of employment, sick leave will accumulate at the rate of one(1) day per month.  Sick leave may accumulate to a maximum of sixty(60) days.

An employee may receive compensation for his/her sick leave that has accumulated in excess of 60 days at the rate of one day’s pay for each two days of sick leave accumulated in excess of 60 days.  Payment for unused sick leave will be made during the month of December each year, or at other times as designated by [person who approves sick leave].

One day of sick leave for those employees who normally work a 40-hour week shall be eight hours.  A day of sick leave for employees working fifty-six(56) or more hours per week shall be twelve(12) hours.

Permanent part-time employees are entitled to sick leave as earned on a pro rata basis.  No sick leave shall accumulate to seasonal or temporary employees.  All sick leave payments are to be approved by [person who approves sick leave].  Thus, any employee who is ill is responsible for reporting his or her absence to the appropriate person within one hour after his or her designated time for reporting to work.

====================================================Personal Leave Policy

The following sample company policy statement is for personal leave.  Generally, personal leave is granted without pay, but without loss of credit for the employee’s length of service with the company.  Not all companies allow employees to retain their service credit, however.  If you want your policy to differ from the one below, you should modify it to fit your circumstances.  If you make substantive changes to this policy, however, you should have your attorney look over the changes.

A personal leave of absence without pay may be granted an employee at the discretion of the company.  A personal leave of absence is defined as an absence of two weeks or longer.  It is not our general policy to grant personal leaves of absence and such leaves will be granted only under unusual circumstances.  A personal leave of absence is not available instead of medical leave.

Granting of such a leave depends on the review of the merits of each case, including the effect the employee’s absence will have on the workload of the other employees.  Probationary employees are not generally eligible for leaves of absence.  An employee must have one year of continuous employment before such a leave will be considered.  

Applications for leaves of absence may be granted or rejected as dictated by the judgment of [name of person who approves requests].

Salary and benefits are not payable to an employee while the employee is on a personal leave of absence, with the exception of company-paid term life insurance that is continued for eligible employees for one year of a leave of absence.  Health insurance may be continued if the employee pays the full premium at the group rate.  Although employees do not accrue benefits while on leave, those benefits accrued up to the time the employee started the leave will be retained.

The employee’s exact position, tour of duty, or work area may not be guaranteed upon return from a personal leave of absence; however, all efforts will be made to place the employee in the first available similar job with similar pay.  The employee’s date of initial employment will be adjusted to reflect the time spent on personal leave.

It is the employee’s responsibility to return to work on the date the leave of absence expires.  Should the employee fail to return and fail to notify [name of person who should receive requests] of a request for an extension, we will assume that the employee does not intend to rejoin the company and will consider the employee to have resigned from employment.  A request for extension of a leave of absence must be in writing and must be received at least five working days prior to the expiration of a leave.

==================================================== Pregnancy/Maternity Leave Policy

The following policy should be modified to reflect your circumstances.  For example, if your short-term disability policy has terms and conditions that are different from the one referred to below, you should change the policy to reflect those terms.  Also, you don’t have to offer 16 weeks of leave.  If you want to offer a different amount of time, you should modify this policy.  If you make substantive changes to this policy, however, you should have your attorney look over the changes.

To be eligible for a pregnancy leave of absence, the employee must be a nontemporary, full-time female employee. Maximum Length of Leave

The maximum length of pregnancy leave allowed is [number] weeks.  If the employee needs a longer leave due to medical complications, the employee should notify [YOUR COMPANY] as soon as possible.  The additional leave will be treated the same as any other medical or disability leave.

Written Requests

A written request for pregnancy leave must be submitted within a reasonable time.  The employee must submit a written doctor's statement, indicating the anticipated delivery date.  The employee should inform [YOUR COMPANY] of the expected duration of her pregnancy leave so that [YOUR COMPANY] may plan around the absence efficiently until her return. Transfers

An employee requesting pregnancy leave may also ask for a transfer to another less strenuous or less hazardous position if so desired.  The request must be in writing and must state the reason for the transfer. Paid Leave

[YOUR COMPANY] provides for paid pregnancy leave for the period of [time limit—e.g., number of days or weeks].   The employee may use any accumulated paid sick days and/or paid vacation days to extend her pregnancy leave beyond the paid leave period.  The employee will be paid for those designated days.

Medical Incapacity

At her option, the employee may continue to work up to the delivery date, depending upon the employee's medical circumstances and the nature of the employee's job.  In the event the employee is physically incapable of performing her regular job duties at any time during her pregnancy, the employee may request that the employee be placed on pregnancy leave.  An advance notice of a minimum of one(1) week should be given, accompanied by a statement from the employee's physician attesting to the employee's incapacitation.


While an employee is away from work on an approved pregnancy leave of absence, she continues to participate in [YOUR COMPANY]'s company employee benefit programs.  [YOUR COMPANY] will endeavor to return the employee to the same or equal job she had before taking pregnancy leave.  Although [YOUR COMPANY] does not guarantee a return to the identical job, the employee will suffer no loss in seniority.



No. 13018/1/97-Estt.(L) Government of India Ministry of Personnel, P.G. & Pensions(Department of Personnel & Training) …… NEW DELHI, Dated 7th October, 1997. OFFICE MEMORANDUM

Subject :- Recommendations of the Fifth Central Pay Commission relating to enhancement of quantum of MATERNITY LEAVE and to allow PATERNITY LEAVE in respect of Central Govt. Employees.

The undersigned is directed to say that consequent upon the decisions taken by the Govt. on the recommendations of the Fifth Central Pay Commission relating to Maternity Leave and Paternity Leave, the President is pleased to decide that the existing provisions of the Central Civil Services(Leave) Rules, 1972, may be treated as modified as follows in respect of civilian employees of the Central Govt. :-

The existing ceiling of 90 days maternity leave provided in Rule 43(1) ibid shall be enhanced to 135 days.

A male Govt. servant(including an apprentice) with less than two surviving children may be granted Paternity Leave for a period of 15 days during the confinement of his wife. During the period of such leave, he shall be paid leave salary equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on leave. Paternity Leave shall not be debited against the leave account and may be combined with any other kind of leave(as in the case of Maternity Leave). It may not normally be refused under any circumstances.

2. These orders take effect from the date of issue.

3. In the light of paragraph 2 above, a female Govt. servant in whose case the period of 90 days of Maternity Leave has not expired on the said date shall also be entitled to the Maternity Leave of 135 days. Similarly, Paternity Leave to a male Govt. employee may also be allowed in case his wife had given birth to the child on a date not prior to 135 days from the date of issue of this order.

4. Formal amendments to the Central Civil Services(Leave) Rules, 1972, are being issued separately.

5. In so far as persons serving in the Indian Audit & Accounts Department are concerned, these orders issue in consultation with the Comptroller & Auditor General of India.


What are the provisions for maternity leave?

Every organisation has provisions for a specified period of time that is designated as maternity leave. This may vary form 3-6 months and is usually a paid leave. However, though leave may be granted, most women may have to undergo subtle discrimination once her colleagues come to know that she is pregnant. Thus, it is a good idea to tell the immediate supervisor about the pregnancy. This makes it easier to dispel any doubts or misunderstandings between the employer and the employee. In India, usually a maternity leave is for 12 weeks and the employer pays for the leave. In case of a miscarriage, a woman is entitled to 6 weeks paid leave from the day of the miscarriage.

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

The Central Government passed the Maternity Benefit Act in 1961 which extends to the whole of India, and to every establishment belonging to the government – industrial, commercial or agricultural. It provides for certain benefits which are granted to a woman during her pregnancy. Also she cannot be dismissed from service on account of her pregnancy.

The maximum permissible period of maternity leave is 12 weeks, with 6 weeks leave to be taken before delivery and 6 weeks immediately after the child is born. A woman can ask for light work before she goes off on leave. The employer cannot reduce her salary in this scenario. The maternity benefits can only be withdrawn if the employee joins some other organisation during that time.  
Posts: 43
Joined: Sat Feb 22, 2014 6:02 pm

Return to Workers Compensation


  • Related topics
    Last post