1. Which legislation encouraged people to settle in the West in the late 1800s?
Federal Land Management Act
2. Which of the following mineral discoveries did not attract western settlers in the late 1800s?
3. What was the main reason that people decided to leave their homes and head west in the late 1800s?
for economic opportunity
to start cattle ranches
4. Why were western lands suitable for ranching and farming?
Fertilizer was cheap and easy to spread.
Large, expansive plains could support crops or animals.
Most trees had been cleared by the railroads.
Both required little labor so large tracts were manageable.
5. What made it possible for new states such as Colorado, the Dakotas, and others to be admitted to the Union in the late 1800s?
They agreed to Native American citizenship.
Railroad executives demanded statehood.
There was a movement for western equality.
Population in the territories had grown.
6. What did miners, cowboys, and railroad workers in the late 1800s have in common?
They all faced danger and hardships.
They all were very well paid for their work.
They all had previously lived in the East.
They all hoped to move Native Americans to Canada.
7. What part did railroads play in western settlement in the late 1800s?
They provided jobs and transported goods.
They carried millions of settlers westward.
They reduced competition for land.
Railroads played almost no part in western settlement.
8. What happened to most Native Americans as the West was settled?
They received reasonable compensation for their land.
They were soon assimilated with the settlers.
They received full rights of citizenship.
They were forced off their land.
9. Chief Sitting Bull and Colonel George Custer led opposing forces at the Battle of Little Bighorn. What was the result?
Sitting Bull and all of his men were killed.
The battle ended in a standoff.
Custer and all of his men were killed.
Additional troops were brought in to defeat Sitting Bull.
10. What government intervention provided farm land for Native American families, but less land for tribal use?
Surplus Reservation Land Act
Jackson Americanization Act
Tribal Settlement Agreement
11. Which of the answer choices correctly identifies the major mining, ranching, and farming regions of the West in the late 1800s?
A mining; B ranching; C farming
A ranching; B farming; C mining
A mining; B farming; C ranching
A – farming; B – mining; C – ranching
12. Which is true of the development of western land, timber, gold, and oil?
All had been exploited by Native Americans for many years.
All were abundant, renewable resources.
All had a negative impact on the environment.
All were carefully regulated.
13. Who set up a trust in order to make Standard Oil a monopoly?
Charles Dudley Warner
John D. Rockefeller
14. Who developed the oil and steel industries in the United States?
John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie
J.P. Morgan and Nelson Rockefeller
Robert Kraft and Gustav Swift
Dale Carnegie and James Duke
15. Which best explains how railroads influenced modern business practices?
forming corporate boards
issuing stocks and bonds
creating reasonable scheduling expectations
16. Two innovations that helped the railroads grow were __________.
cameras and the automatic lubricator
telephones and the telegraph
hotel cars and the light bulb
steam power and the air brake
17. Why were time zones and standardization of tracks important for railroads?
They forced railroad cars to be built according to certain standards.
They offered greater efficiency in production, safety, and scheduling.
They made it possible for towns to lay their own tracks.
They reduced competition in the western part of the country.
18. Why were the reaper and the steel plow important for nineteenth-century ag