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Fox And Endangered Breeding

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Fox And Endangered Breeding

Postby bercnan72 » Tue Dec 06, 2016 10:58 am

i had a pet fox a long time ago and was thinking about getting another, i was wondering if you could tell me the laws for that in maine as i have just moved here.  i was further wondering what kind of a license you needed and where you could get one to breed animals. can it be a national permit or only by state or region.
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Joined: Thu Mar 31, 2011 8:51 pm

Fox And Endangered Breeding

Postby wal49 » Thu Dec 08, 2016 3:49 pm

i had a pet fox a long time ago and was thinking about getting another, i was wondering if you could tell me the laws for that in maine as i have just moved here.  i was further wondering what kind of a license you needed and where you could get one to breed animals. can it be a national permit or only by state or region.
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Joined: Fri Apr 01, 2011 2:57 am

Fox And Endangered Breeding

Postby Apurva » Sat Dec 10, 2016 7:02 am

Dear Jeff. Thanks for your question. I have looked at various websites, but I thought it was best to give you the details from the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, as this is the department concerned with permits and will be the one you must liase with. Different states vary as regards which animals people can keep and which they cannot(I have had earlier questions about keeping ocelots and other animals). I therefore think it's unlikely that there is a national permit, due to all the variations. The permit is usually valid for two years.http://www.state.me.us/ifw/wildlife/wildlifeincaptivity.htm gives details about what you will need to do to keep and breed foxes. I have copied the recommendations and have removed references to any animals other than foxes.There is a lot of technical jargon. Please contact an official from the Department if you are unsure what it means.

7.00 Permit Required: You need a permit to take alive, possess or import any native or exotic wildlife for the following purposes pursuant to Title 12 MRSA Section 7235-C: Wildlife Exhibit, including any commercial display of wildlife; General Wildlife Possession, including propagation or personal use of wildlife; Wildlife Rehabilitation. Wildlife Importation, pursuant to 12 MRSA Section 7237; and Scientific Collection pursuant to 12 MRSA Section 7242. 7.01 Unrestricted Species: Any wildlife species designated by the Commissioner as "unrestricted"(Section 7235-C, subsection 1, paragraph B) shall not be subject to a possession permit under Section 7235-C. Unrestricted species shall be maintained in a humane and safe manner that does not jeopardize public health and safety, the welfare of the animal, or cause a public disturbance. 7.02 Application Procedures: You must use the Department's application forms in order to request Wildlife Possession and Importation permits. The Department will need to inspect and approve the facilities for the foxes before they issue a permit. 7.05 Review of Permit: Aif you wish to contest a permit condition, you must make a request in writing to the Commissioner, who may hear information and consult with such appropriate experts and professionals to substantiate issues of public health and safety, animal welfare, or other facts relevant to the Department's responsibilities and take action accordingly. 7.06 Inspections: Inspections of wildlife facilities and required records by authorized Department personnel and animal welfare agents may be made at all reasonable times. Findings of inspections may be provided in writing to the animal keeper on request. 7.07 Grounds for Permit Denial: The Commissioner may deny a permit when: 1. The applicant has failed to demonstrate that the purpose or methodology for the possession is legitimate under Maine statute and rules. 2. The applicant does not have appropriate facilities or has failed to satisfactorily demonstrate the capability and qualifications to perform the functions required. 3. The possession or activities requested potentially and unreasonably threaten a wildlife population or the public welfare. 7.08 Conditions and Restrictions: 1. Species with Special Needs or Considerations: The Commissioner may set special conditions on a permit to mitigate potential impacts on, or from, wildlife having special needs and to ensure the welfare of such wildlife. The Commissioner may seek the advise of experts on the species involved to provide for such special needs and to ensure the welfare of the wildlife. 2. Federal Permit Requirements: If applicable, proof must be furnished of a valid federal wildlife possession or importation permit, and compliance with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species(CITES). 3. Display of Permit: All permits issued for the possession of wildlife shall be made available for inspection by Department representatives and animal welfare agents.. 4. Security and Shelter: Wildlife held in captivity must be contained, controlled, and sheltered in such a way as to protect it, and to protect property of others and the public health and safety. 5. Emergency Plan: A written Emergency Plan shall be submitted with the application for use in the event of occurrences such as:(1) severe damage to enclosures due to fire, wind, or floods;(2) animals attacking and /or injuring humans, other animals or property; and(3) the escape of any animal in captivity. The plan shall include an updated list of dangerous wildlife in captivity, the availability of capture equipment and weapons with specific instructions as to the precise circumstances under which dangerous wildlife are to be destroyed. Such plan shall be available and produced at the request of a law enforcement officer, firefighter, Department representative or Animal Control Officer. Local police or the local game warden shall be immediately notified of the escape of a dangerous animal. 6. Costs of recovery or handling. The permittee shall be responsible for all costs incurred by the State resulting from the escape or release of wildlife, or for the necessary confiscation of wildlife from the premises of the permittee, or as the result of the revocation of the possession permit. The Commissioner may require the posting of a bond or other financial security for this purpose. 7. Health and Comfort:(a) No animal shall be chained or otherwise tethered to a stake, post, tree, building or any other anchorage at any time except for training or other controlled activities, for medical treatment or grooming of such animals or as otherwise provided herein.(b) All animals held in outdoor enclosures shall be provided with adequate shelter from inclement weather and direct sunlight. Each cage or enclosure shall have shelter sufficient to simultaneously protect all animals contained therein.(c) All animals shall be provided with quarters that maintain a temperature meeting the biological needs of the animal.(d) Handling of animals shall be done as expeditiously and carefully as possible, in such a way as to avoid unnecessary discomfort, behavioral stress, or physical harm to the animal.. All wildlife shall be provided with appropriate veterinary care to include care for injuries and for the control of contagious, parasitic, and nutritional diseases. 8. Sanitation: All cages and enclosures shall be kept in a sanitary condition. Regular cleaning schedules shall be maintained. Trash, spilled food and fecal materials shall be removed at least once each day and more often if necessary. Cages may not be stacked in such a way that excrement may enter lower enclosures. 9. Food and Water: a.) An adequate supply of potable water shall be available in cages and enclosures for drinking, washing or other purposes necessary to the species being contained. b.) Regular feeding schedules shall be maintained; the rations supplied shall be adequate, nutritious, and so far as possible consistent with the food which is ordinarily eaten by such animals in the wild. Food shall be sufficient to maintain proper strength and healthy appearance. c.) Areas used for the preparation and storage of food shall be sufficiently clean to prevent contamination by pathogens or harmful substances. Meat, fish and fresh fruits and vegetables to be fed to animals shall be properly refrigerated to prevent spoilage. d.) Food for animals shall be stored in such a way as to prevent damage of food from weather, rodents, insects and animals. 10. Cage Requirements: a. The following are minimum caging requirements for animals kept in captivity. Any permittee possessing or wishing to obtain an animal not included below shall contact the Commissioner of the Department who will determine an appropriate cage size and holding requirements. The permittee shall comply with all such requirements set by the Commissioner. b. All cages or enclosures shall be constructed in compliance with this Chapter. 17. Foxes. The following recommendations apply to foxes: a. Number or size - 1 pair. b. Cage size - 8' long x 4' wide x 6' high. c. Accessories - 1 shelf 18" wide x 3' high x 4' long is required. A den or nest box area is also required. Part III. Propagation and General Possession 7.30 Issuance. The commissioner may issue a permit to a person or institution, pursuant to Title 12 Section 7235-C, to possess a wildlife for the following purposes: 1. Wildlife Propagation: The holding of wild animals for the purpose of propagating, breeding and/or rearing for consumption, sale or release. 2. General wildlife possession: The possession of wildlife for serious professional  husbandry. 7.31 Renewal. The permit is valid for 2 calendar years. 7.32 Restrictions and Conditions. The following conditions shall apply to all permits issued under this Part. 1. All applicable requirements as listed in Part I must be met. 3. No species may be allowed to roam freely outside a containment area, or taken off the premises of the permittee, or taken into a public area, except to be released for stocking purposes, transfer or sale, or for noncommercial show purposes, veterinary care, or as may be otherwise approved by the commissioner. Wildlife must be controlled at such times by a leash, or contained in an appropriate cage. 4. The addition of any new species, or increase in the numbers of previously permitted species except by birth, must be approved by the Commissioner before they may be possessed or added to a valid permit under this section. 5. Housing: All wildlife shall be confined at all times in stalls, rooms, or outside enclosures of such strength and type of construction that it is impossible for the animals to escape. 7. Special Needs: The permittee shall ensure that the comfort and unique needs of non-indegenous(exotic) species are met, as may be described in published references, or as recommended by recognized experts on that species, or as directed by the commissioner as a condition of the permit. 8. Hybrid and/or Domesticated Wildlife: This Part shall apply to any wildlife that has been hybridized, genetically altered, or reared in captivity, except that documented hybrids with any wild canid(canidae), or any domestically raised, hybridized or genetically altered wild animals specifically held for agricultural production pursuant to Title 7 MRSA Section 1331 shall be exempt. Part IV. Wildlife Rehabilitation Permit 7.40 Issuance: Pursuant to Title 12 MRSA §7235-C, a wildlife rehabilitation permit may be issued to possess debilitated or orphaned wild animals and wild birds for the purpose of restoring them to full health and release to the wild, or to be humanely euthanized. 1. Examination: Applicants for a rehabilitation permit must successfully complete an examination prescribed by the Commissioner, which may include a written test, to show proficiency and knowledge in the area of wildlife husbandry and rehabilitation and the pertinent laws of the State and rules of the Department. 2. Expenses: The permittee is responsible for rehabilitation, including food and shelter, veterinary care, any labor or consultation charges, transportation, and any other costs or charges associated with the rehabilitation of wildlife. Permittees may not charge any third party for such costs unless said permittee is a licensed Maine veterinarian. Voluntary contributions to rehabilitation facilities or organizations may be accepted. 3. All rehabilitation activities must meet minimum standards as published by the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council, and/or National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association. 4. Dependency: Every measure shall be taken to prevent wildlife dependency on humans. 5. Disposition of all Wild Animals or Birds Subject to Rehabilitation: All wildlife subject to rehabilitation must be released to the wild at the earliest appropriate time, or humanely destroyed, and may not be kept in captivity beyond 6 months. The Commissioner may, upon request, extend this time period. Part V. Wildlife Importation Permit 7.51 Issuance: No species of wildlife, except those listed by the Commissioner as unrestricted, shall be imported into the State of Maine without a Wildlife Importation Permit issued by the Commissioner. For the purpose of this regulation, importation includes bringing or causing to be brought into Maine any regulated wildlife by any means including the subsequent possession of other vertebrates not subject to wildlife definition pursuant to Title 12 MRSA Subchapter VII Section 7001. 1. Exceptions. A wildlife importation permit shall not be required for wildlife that is in continuous transit through Maine. 2. Criteria for Permit Approval. In determining if the importation of a species shall be permitted, and what permit conditions should apply, the Commissioner will consider the following factors: a. Whether the geographical distribution and life requisites of the species increase the likelihood of the species surviving in Maine if accidentally or intentionally introduced into the wild. b. Whether there is a history of adverse environmental impacts of the species in other locations. c. Whether it is possible that the species may harbor or disseminate an agent harmful to humans, domestic livestock, poultry, native wildlife, or other animals. d. Whether the species is capable of inflicting serious bodily harm to humans. e. Whether the applicant has met the provisions of section 7.07(1). f. Whether the applicant has furnished the commissioner with an interstate health certificate/certification of veterinary inspection and appropriate test results or statements about specific diseases. This certification must comply with the standards of the state or origin and issued by a veterinarian licensed in the state of origin. USDA accreditation of the veterinarian may be required for certain livestock and poultry disease testing. Information required on the health certificate shall include: common and scientific name(s) of species; number to be imported; name and address of consignor and consignee; origin or shipment; destination of shipment; appropriate descriptions of animals by criteria such as sex, age, weight, coloration, tag numbers, brand, etc. The health certificate should be signed by the issuing veterinarian and the owner or owner's representative from the point of origin. The Department of Agriculture and the Department of Human Services shall have the authority to approve disease test procedures and serve as the State's representative in interpreting the results of all tests administered in compliance with importation statutes and regulations. Part VI. Scientific Collection Permit 7.60 Issuance: The commissioner may issue a permit, pursuant to Section 7242, to hunt, trap, possess, band and transport wild animals and certain wild birds for: 1. Scientific research or wildlife management use approved by the Department. 2. Salvage for scientific or educational purposes of wildlife that is found dead. 7.61 Application 1. Applications must include a full description of the purpose for which the permit will be used and documentation of institutional support. 2. All applications shall be reviewed by a scientific and/or educational specialist selected by the commissioner. 7.62 Restrictions and conditions 1. In addition to those listed herein, all applicable requirements as listed in Part I shall be met. 2. Other restrictions or conditions may be specified by the Commissioner to ensure appropriate use of the permit for scientific, education or salvage purposes. 3. If applicable, proof must be furnished of a valid federal scientific collection or special purpose permit. AUTHORITY: 12 MRSA, Sections 7035, 7235-C, 7237, and 7242. http://www.state.me.us/ifw/index.html is the home page for the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.epartment of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife

You can contact 284 State Street

41 State House Station

Augusta, ME  04333-0041http://www.ume.maine.edu/~woodlot/ifw.htm gives details about different offices, including a map and phone numbers.

Please read the recommendations and contact the appropriate people. I cannot go into detail about your requirements, as I do not have individual knowledge about keeping foxes or wildlife regulations in Maine. I have been to talks about wildlife crime, though, as well as knowing people involved with zoos in London and elsewhere.

Good luck with your foxes.

All the best

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