Welcome to Law-Forums.org!   


Sponsor Links:

Discount Legal Forms
Discounted Legal Texts

Difference Between Pentecostal Groups

Dealing with a class action? Discuss it here

Difference Between Pentecostal Groups

Postby Edwaldo » Thu Nov 24, 2016 7:45 pm

Could you please explain the difference between the Assembly of God and United Pentecostal Church(UPCI) in reguards to the trinity or oneness theology, also the difference in practices/services, I know every church must be a little different but there must be some generalizations. My friend attends an Assembly of God church and she says they do NOT speak in tongues....or do they just do that on the day of pentecost services?    Also where does the Church of God in Christ fit in with all this?
Posts: 44
Joined: Mon Jan 06, 2014 8:48 pm

Difference Between Pentecostal Groups

Postby Cailen » Mon Nov 28, 2016 12:38 pm


Thank you for your questions, and the opportunity to help. First, I am posting the links to the AG and UPC "What We Believe" links that may help answer most of your questions...



As to the view of the nature of God, the two have very differnet views. The AG believe in the Trinity...(http://ag.org/top/Beliefs/Statement_of_Fundamental_Truths/sft_full.cfm#2). Whereas the UPC have a Oneness view of God...(http://www.upci.org/doctrine/60s.asp). The Bibles teaches us that there is one God, and that His nature is described as trinity. Though I believe that the word "triune" best describes the nature of God. You see, too many who believe in the trinity teach the plurality of God so strong that they are more tri-theists(the belief in 3 gods) than Trinitarians. While on the other side, those who emphases the unity of Gods nature so strong they fall into the false teaching of "modalism"(that God changed from Father, then to Son, then to Holy Spirit: ergo modes, or modalism). The Bible teaches us that there is one God. The Word declares that He is the eternal, omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, sovereign, and immutable triune God; and it declares the unity of the Godhead where three personalities, equal in every divine perfection and attribute, execute distinct, harmonious offices, in the great work of redemption. This does not mean that there are three "people" called God, but rather a way of saying God eternally exists in three personally distinct ways. Scriptures declare that there is only one God, Who is eternally(past, present, and future) manifested/revealed as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.

The diffence in their "practices/services" are as you said, viared from individual churches. The basic diffence's would be that in the AG church's the services tend to be more "subduded" than the UPC. By this I am not implying that the AG does not worship, but that the UPC tends to be more "demonstative" in their worship than the AG. In the UPC you will generally see more hands raised, and hear people speaking/praying in tongues. Also, the music in the UPC will tend to be more "southern Gospel" whereas the AG will tend to simg more "contempory".

Also, your friend may be right about her local AG church not speaking in tongues. But if there are an AG church then they do believe in speaking in tongues. Finally, the roots of the AG and the UPC are in the Church of God in Christ. Here is a brief history of both...

The Assemblies of God has its roots in the Pentecostal revival of the early twentieth century. This revival is generally traced to a prayer meeting held under the leadership of Charles Parham, at Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas, on January 1, 1901. The “awakening” or “revival” spread rapidly to Missouri, Texas, California and elsewhere. In 1906, a three year revival meeting under the leadership of William Seymour began at Azusa Street Mission in Los Angeles that attracted believers from around the world.

Reports of the revival were carried far and wide by periodicals and other publications that sprang up along with the movement. Independent revivals also began to break out during this time in other parts of the world. The Pentecostal aspects of the revival were not generally welcomed by established churches, and participants in the movement soon found themselves forced outside existing religious bodies. These people sought out their own places of worship, and founded hundreds of distinctly Pentecostal congregations.

Many of these congregations sought to partner with existing religious movements, such as the Christian and Missionary Alliance, but many Pentecostals left following controversy over the doctrine of “The Initial Physical Evidence of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit.” These early leaders were licensed as ministers by Charles Harrison Mason, founder of the Church of God in Christ, a predominately African-American denomination. The Church of God in Christ provided initial credentials to the mostly white Pentecostals who would later form the Assemblies of God. [9]. Jim Crow laws of the South and other racial cultural norms of the early 20th century America contributed to the early demise of racial unity with these Pentecostal leaders with the predominately African-American Church of God in Christ denomination.

By 1914, many ministers and laymen alike began to realize just how far-reaching the spread of the revival and pentecostalism had become. Many evangelistic outreaches birthed by the new movement created a number of practical problems -- Formal recognition of ministers, approval and support of missionaries, doctrinal unity, gospel literature, and a permanent Bible training school, and full accounting of funds were all issues that needed to be dealt with.

Concerned leaders felt the desire to protect and preserve the results of the revival - these thousands of newly Spirit-baptized believers - by uniting through cooperative fellowship. In April 1914 about 300 preachers and laymen were invited from 20 states and several foreign countries for a “General Council” in Hot Springs, Arkansas, to discuss and take action on these and other pressing needs. Bishop CH Mason attended this first General Council along with his Saints Industrial Singers to bid the white brothers and sisters blessings in their endeavors.

A cooperative fellowship emerged from the meeting and was incorporated under the name The General Council of the Assemblies of God. In time, self-governing and self-supporting general councils broke off from the original fellowship or were formed independently in several nations throughout the world, originating either from indigenous Pentecostal movements or as a direct result of the indigenous missions strategy of the General Council.[10]

The Assemblies of God experienced a schism early in their history when they adopted the Statement of Fundamental Truths affirming their belief in the orthodox doctrine of the Trinity at their Fourth General Council in October 1916 in St. Louis. Those that withdrew from the fellowship were known as “Oneness or Jesus Only Pentecostals,” who believed in baptizing “in the name of Jesus Christ” and not “in the name of The Father, The Son, and the Holy Ghost/Spirit.” This schism caused the loss of approximately one-fourth of recognized A/G ministers, including all but one minister in the state of Louisiana(Rev. George Harrison remained with the Assemblies of God).


The UPCI emerged out of the Pentecostal movement that traces its origins to the great revival in Topeka, Kansas under Charles Parham on 1 January 1901. This movement, claiming to be a restoration of the original Christianity described in the book of Acts, gained strength while spreading through Missouri, Texas and California, culminating in the Azuza Street Revival in 1906. Rejected by the mainline Christian denominations, Pentecostals began to form churches of their own, one of which was the Assemblies of God, formed in 1914.

Some Pentecostal preachers and evangelists began to embrace and preach the doctrines of Oneness and Jesus-Name Baptism during this time frame, which led to friction within the Apostolic movement. When the Assemblies of God formally affirmed the traditional doctrine of the Trinity at its Fourth General Council in October 1916, Oneness Pentecostals were forced to withdraw from their organization. Two months later, several Oneness ministers met in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, and on January 2, 1917, they formed their own Oneness Pentecostal organization, called The General Assembly of the Apostolic Assemblies.

The General Assemblies of the Apostolic Assemblies merged with another church, The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, and accepted the leadership of an African-American, G. T. Haywood. This group held the first meeting in Eureka Springs in 1918. This interracial organization adopted the title of The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, and remained the only Oneness Pentecostal body until late in 1924. Southern Jim Crow laws, together with other racial and cultural norms of that time period, resulted in many of the white leadership choosing to withdraw from this interracial group, rather than remain under African-American leadership. Many local congregations in the Jim Crow South, however, endeavored to remain interracial, while complying with local segregationist laws.

During 1925, three new Oneness churches were formed: The Apostolic Churches of Jesus Christ, The Pentecostal Ministerial Alliance, and Emmanuel's Church in Jesus Christ.

In 1927 steps were taken toward reunifying these organizations. Meeting in a joint convention in Guthrie, Oklahoma, Emmanuel's Church in Jesus Christ and The Apostolic Churches of Jesus Christ merged, taking the name The Apostolic Church of Jesus Christ. This merger united about 400 Oneness Pentecostal ministers. In 1931, a unity conference with representatives from four Oneness organizations met in Columbus, Ohio, in an endeavor to bring all Oneness Pentecostals together. The Pentecostal Ministerial Alliance ministers voted to merge with The Apostolic Church of Jesus Christ, but the terms of the proposed merger were rejected by that body. Nevertheless, a union between The Apostolic Church of Jesus Christ and The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World was consummated in November, 1931. The new body retained the name of The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World. [2].

In 1932, The Pentecostal Ministerial Alliance changed its name to The Pentecostal Church, Incorporated, reflecting its organizational structure. In 1936, the Pentecostal Church, Incorporated ministers voted to work toward an amalgamation with the Pentecostal Assemblies of Jesus Christ. Final union, however, proved elusive until 1945, when these two Oneness Pentecostal organizations combined to form the United Pentecostal Church International. The merger of these two Oneness Pentecostal bodies brought together 1,838 ministers and approximately 900 churches. Membership numbers for the UPCI have risen year by year thereafter.[18]

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Pentecostal_Church_International) Kelly, please let me know if this helps, or if you have any further questions.

Elder Greg Madden
Posts: 36
Joined: Sun Apr 13, 2014 1:00 pm

Difference Between Pentecostal Groups

Postby Rangy » Sat Dec 03, 2016 7:22 am

Could you please explain the difference between the Assembly of God and United Pentecostal Church(UPCI) in reguards to the trinity or oneness theology, also the difference in practices/services, I know every church must be a little different but there must be some generalizations. My friend attends an Assembly of God church and she says they do NOT speak in tongues....or do they just do that on the day of pentecost services?    Also where does the Church of God in Christ fit in with all this?
Posts: 50
Joined: Mon Jan 06, 2014 11:42 pm

Return to Class Action


  • Related topics
    Last post