Fungi are _____.
-eukaryotic and heterotrophic
-prokaryotic and heterotrophic
-eukaryotic and autotrophic
-prokaryotic and autotrophic
Why were fungi and plants once classified together?
-Fungi use spores to reproduce.
-Many fungi have leaf-like growths.
-Fungi have root-like structures.
-Fungi and plants were not classified together.
How do some fungi move?
-moving cytoplasm into new septa
-extending hyphae into new areas
-building up chitin
-There are no fungi that are motile.
What is a spore’s function?
The existence of lichens in a forest means that _____.
-bacteria may be present
other organisms may have had trouble growing there
-autotrophic algae may be present
-All answers are correct.
Why does a fungus produce so many spores?
to increase the nonmotile spores’ chances of reproducing
so that motile spores can travel by air to populate new environments
to stimulate germination
to be able to compete with other species of fungi
Which of the following increases the amount of nutrients that a plant can absorb?
Algae and bacteria receive _____ when they are part of lichen.
All answers are correct.
Which fungus produces cells with flagella?
Select the best answer from the choices provided.
A scientist is studying new bacteria that keep zygote fungi from producing spores. Which part of the fungus should she study?
*mycelium *septa *sporangium *saprophytes
What is the main ecological role of fungi?
*producers *consumers *decomposers *parasites
The formation of a gametangium requires _____.
hyphae from two different mycelia
two different hyphae from the same mycelia
the formation of long filaments
the growth of fruiting bodies
Why does the budding process NOT produce spores?
Spores are unnecessary to asexual reproduction.
Budding produces fruiting bodies.
The new cell is a complete organism.
Budding does produce spores
Which of the following are characteristics of most fungi?
III.production of spores
I and II
II and III
I, II, and IIl
A mold with damaged fruiting bodies would not be able to _____.
*All answers are correct.
A farmer notices that pests are not feeding on one type of plant. He also notices a fungus appears near this plant. What can he conclude about the plant and pests?
*The plant has mutualistic bacteria that are consuming the pests.
*The plant has parasitic fungi that release toxins.
*The pests feed on lichen growing on nearby rocks.
*There are no sporangia to protect the reproductive process.
What would happen if spores from one species of fungus landed on fungus of another species?
In a mycorrhizal relationship, what part of the fungus grows into the plant?
*the fruiting bodies
A scientist that is looking for signs of air pollution would look for which type of fungus first?
A scientist is collecting fungi samples. How will she be able to identify an ascomycete?
*She will look for spores contained in sacs.
*She will look for spores contained in fruiting bodies formed in a ring above ground.
*She will look for spores that are inactive because conditions are not right.
*No answer is correct.
A scientist is collecting fungi samples. How will he be able to identify a zygomycete?
*He will look for spores contained in sacs.
*He will look for spores contained in fruiting bodies formed in a ring above ground.
*He will look for spores that are inactive because conditions are not right.
*No answer is correct.
A fungal zygosporangium is like a bacterial _____.
*gamete that functions during reproduction
*endospore that delays development
*paramecium that lives in moist environments
*flagellum that aids in movement
Which of the following structures does NOT play a role in fungal reproduction?