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American History

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American History

Postby Reinhard » Tue Nov 29, 2016 1:10 am

hello, i have to write an essay comparing and contrasting the presidency in each nation(the Confederate States of America and the United States Constitution), giving two ways the office was similar and two ways the office was different under each constitution. its just supposed to be a small essay.. but i am having a hard time reading the articles. it would be awesome if you could help me. thanks! -Brittany
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American History

Postby tripp » Tue Nov 29, 2016 5:03 pm

QUITE A DOCUMENT   Here are the changes from the U.S. Constitution, Brittany. I could just give you a few but decided to give you all of them. Take your picks:   The Confederate States ConstitutionThe Preamble: The elastic clauses in the preamble "to promote the general welfare" and the powers of congress, Article I section viii, "to provide . . . for the general welfare" are both absent, reflecting the confederate founders wariness of a growing and ever more powerful federal government. The words "invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God" are added to the confederate constitution.   The President was elected for a single six-year term, rather than an unlimited(at that time) number of four-year terms or a maximum of two four-year terms(today). The following provisions were added to the original text of Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States;    Amended Article 1 Sec. 1 Clause 1 to prohibit persons "of foreign birth" who were "not a citizen of the Confederate States" from voting "for any officer, civil or political, State or Federal." While some would argue that the amendment is the result of the lingering influence of the Nativist theology advance by the Know-Nothing Party further research would suggest it is simply an attempt to install a safety mechanism within the new government that would prevent U.S. citizens from moving into the Confederacy and installing pro-union or anti-slavery representatives into the new nation's government, a practice already established and utilized by anti-slavery forces during their efforts to prevent the spread of slavery into Kansas, a series of events referred to as Bleeding Kansas.    While Article 2 Sec. 1 Cl. 7 of the Confederate Constitution provides citizenship to people "born in the United States prior to the 20th of December, 1860" it also requires candidates for the President of the Confederacy to have resided "within the limits of the Confederate States" for 14 years. While these restrictions allow for the growth of the Confederacy, by offering citizenship to the population of any state which joins the Confederacy, it also insures that citizens of the now foreign nation of the United States could not simply move into member states of the Confederacy and gain citizenship and voting privileges. It may seem odd to label U.S. citizens as foreign born, but upon the creation of the Confederate States of America the states remaining in the Union and therefore members of the union of states known as the United States, would have been a wholly separate and foreign nation, and most likely a hostile nation at that.     Amended Article 1 Section 2 Clause 5 to allow the state legislatures to impeach federal officials who live and work only within their state with 2/3 vote in both houses of the state legislature.         Amended Article 1 Section 6 Clause 2 to allow the House of Representatives and Senate the ability to grant seats to the heads of each Executive Department, or the Presidential Cabinet, in order to discuss issues involving their departments with Congress.       Amended Article 1 Section 7 Clause 2 to provide the President of the Confederate States of America with a line item veto but also required any bill which the president used the veto in to be resubmitted to both houses for a possible override vote by 2/3 of both houses. The first twelve amendments to the U.S. Constitution, including the Bill of Rights, were directly incorporated into the Confederate Constitution. This was originally suggested by James Madison for the Bill of Rights in the time after the Constitution Convention, but he was defeated.    The Powers of Congress, Article I section viii:    The Congress shall have power - 1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises for revenue, necessary to pay the debts, provide for the common defense, and carry on the Government of the Confederate States; but no bounties shall be granted from the Treasury; nor shall any duties or taxes on importations from foreign nations be laid to promote or foster any branch of industry; and all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the Confederate States.    The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; Notice the break in the confederate constitution's first power of congress which leaves no doubt that Congress only has power to levy taxes for the following powers and not just for anything at all that is in the common defense or general welfare. The phrase "to promote or foster any branch of industry" was added to the "tax uniformity clause" in Article I, Section 8 to stress the opposition of the Confederacy to non-uniform tariffs such as the Tariff of 1828, also known as the Tariff of Abominations.    The third power of the confederate congress prohibits all federal expenditure on internal improvements except those of waterways and oceans, and even these cost will not be externalized on the public coffer but billed to the industries that benefit from the improvements.    3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes; but neither this, nor any other clause contained in the Constitution, shall ever be construed to delegate the power to Congress to appropriate money for any internal improvement intended to facilitate commerce; except for the purpose of furnishing lights, beacons, and buoys, and other aids to navigation upon the coasts, and the improvement of harbors and the removing of obstructions in river navigation; in all which cases such duties shall be laid on the navigation facilitated thereby as may be necessary to pay the costs and expenses thereof. Despite some opposition, the international slave trade was banned in the Confederacy, as it had been in the U.S. since 1808. Delegates feared that European governments would not recognize a CSA that did not prohibit the international trade. The international slave trade was distasteful to many slaveowners. Prohibition of foreign slave trade also protected the substantial domestic slave trade in Virginia and Maryland, who had yet to join the CSA.    Confederate officials serving within a state could be impeached by the legislature of that state, as well as by the Confederate Congress.    The process of amendment became easier, requiring two-thirds of the states rather than three-fourths.    A bill, or any resolution carrying the force of law, could only deal with a single subject, which had to be stated in the title.   :20. Every law, or resolution having the force of law, shall relate to but one subject, and that shall be expressed in the title.   If there was a vacancy in the House of Representatives, the governor of the state represented could fill the vacancy. He could do so for a Senate vacancy only during the recess of the legislature, and only for a term until the legislature met and made its own choice.   * Wikipedia helped me with this answer.    Remember, Brittany, that the above are the CHANGES from the U.S. Constitution to the Confederate Constitution. Hope this isn't too difficult to understand. Rather lengthy.    That's it from here, my friend. Take care and stay SAFE.                                                          HANK
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American History

Postby Paget » Tue Nov 29, 2016 11:10 pm

hello, i have to write an essay comparing and contrasting the presidency in each nation(the Confederate States of America and the United States Constitution), giving two ways the office was similar and two ways the office was different under each constitution. its just supposed to be a small essay.. but i am having a hard time reading the articles. it would be awesome if you could help me. thanks! -Brittany
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